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Vinyl Siding Terms

When deciding on what type of siding you want and who you want to purchase it from it's beneficial to understand what is being talked about.

The glossary that follows provides some common siding terms that will be helpful to you as you review companies and siding products.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z


A

Aluminum Siding

Horizontal planks of aluminum with a baked-on enamel finish

American Hardboard Association (AHA)

The national trade organization for the manufacturers of hardboard products

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

ANSI is a private, nonprofit organization that oversees the voluntary standardization and assessment of US products, to enable the US to better compete globally and enhance the quality of life in the US by conformity to product standards

American Society of Testing Materials International

ASTM International is a nonprofit organization that helps develop voluntary standards for products, services, materials and systems all over the globe


B

Battens

Narrow strips of wood placed over joints in vertical wood plank siding to seal the joints

Beveled

Clapboards that are tapered rather than cut perfectly rectangular

Brick ties

Accordion-type metal fasteners used to attach a brick veneer to the wood framework of a house

Brick veneer

A wall construction method in which a layer of bricks is attached to the wood framework of a house using brick ties

Buttlock

Located on the bottom edge of a vinyl panel which locks onto the previously installed panel


C

Carpenter ants

Large black ants that make may make their nests in walls, behind siding, or in insulation; carpenter ants don't eat wood they excavate wood to build their homes in the cavities left behind

Caulking

Waterproof material used to seal joints at intersections of building components, used with some types of siding

Checking

A crack or split along the grain in wood plank siding as a result of cupping

Clapboard

Overlapping, horizontal wood plank siding made from either rectangular planks or taped planks

Composition board

Blanks or sheets of weather resistant compressed wood fibers used as siding

Course

Each row of siding material

Cupping

A warp across the board in wood plank siding


D

Detachment

Separation of the siding material-veneer or stucco- from its attachment to the house

Double course

An undercourse of shingles or shakes, not exposed to the weather, is covered completely by a top course

Dust mites

Virtually walking stomachs


F

Face

The part of the vinyl panel that is visible once the vinyl is installed

Flashing

A type of sheet metal used at intersections of building components to prevent water penetration, flashings are commonly used above doors and windows in exterior walls and are used under the siding to prohibit water penetration


J

J-channel

A manufacturing component of vinyl or aluminum siding systems which have a curved channel that the planks fit into, used around windows and doors to make a weathertight seal


L

Lintel

A steel angle iron or beam over window and door openings that spans the opening and transfers the weight of the masonry to the sides of the opening


M

Milled planks

Various cuts of plank siding, including V-groove, channel, rabbeted bevel, shiplap and drop

Model Building Code

These building codes vary by area of the country and are considered the standard for that area

Moisture permeable

A surface that allows moisture to pass through it


P

Panel Projection

The amount that a panel of vinyl sticks out away from the wall, you should choose the largest profile for the style of panel you want

Plywood siding

Plywood sheets, some with a grooved or decorative outer surface


S

Scarfed joint

Joint used in plywood siding where edges of abutting sheets are angle cut to fit snugly and prevent water penetration

Shiplap

A style of milled plank, used in siding, that is laid close enough so as to appear to be butted

Single course

Wood shingles or shakes applied where each course is exposed to the weather

Spalling

Crumbling and falling away of bricks, concrete or blocks

Stucco

A type of water resistant, plaster like siding material made of cement, sand and water; it may have an acrylic finish


T

T & G

Ttongue and groove, a connection system between components, like wood, in which the tab or tongue of one board is placed into the grove at the end of another board

Termites

Social insects that live either in the ground or in wood and eat wood, they can cause serious structural damage to a home


V

Vinyl siding

Horizontal polyvinyl chloride planks

Veneer

Veneer is one ply or one thickness of something; in siding there are brick and stone veneers, there are also veneers of one wood bonded to another


W

Wall cladding

Another term for siding

Wall sheathing

Sheets of plywood or wood planking used to cover the wall framework of the house

Windload Pressure

Is a measurement of how well a panel might perform in high wind areas

Wire mesh

A mesh attached to the wall sheathing and studs used to anchor a stucco base coat to the wall

Wood plank siding

Rectangular wood planks, installed horizontally or vertically

Wood shakes

Thick, rough, uneven shingles that hand split, split and sawn on one side, or sawn on both sides, used as siding

Wood shingles

Sawn shingles that are of uniform thickness

How can I find out more information?

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